2022年武漢中考英語試卷詳析


                                    秘密★2022年6月21日

                                    2022年武漢市初中畢業生學業考試

                                    英 語 試 卷

                                    第Ⅰ卷(選擇題共85分)

                                    第一部分 聽力部分

                                    一、聽力測試(共三節)

                                    第一節(共4小題,每小題1分,滿分4分)

                                    聽下面4個問題。每個問題后有三個答語,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每個問題后,你都有5秒鐘的時間來作答和閱讀下一小題,每個問題僅讀一遍。

                                    1. A. A nice trip.

                                    B. Books.

                                    C. Once a week.

                                    2. A. Teenagers.

                                    B. On May 30th.

                                    C. At school.

                                    3. A. Exciting.

                                    B. A Bing Dwen Dwen.

                                    C. Tonight.

                                    4. A. 2 meters.

                                    B. They're cute.

                                    C. In China.

                                    第二節(共8小題,每小題1分,滿分8分)

                                    聽下面8段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來作答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

                                    5. What's the talk about?

                                    A. Table manners.

                                    B. Favorite foods.

                                    C. Eating habits.

                                    6. Where will the man go?

                                    A. A post office.

                                    B. A supermarket.

                                    C. A service center.

                                    7. What are the two speakers talking about?

                                    A. A story.

                                    B. A play.

                                    C. A film.

                                    8. Who is Mr. Brown probably?

                                    A. Jerry's father.

                                    B. Jerry's teacher.

                                    C. Jerry’s classmate.

                                    9. Which is true about the course?

                                    A. It's popular.

                                    B. It's available.

                                    C. It’s canceled.

                                    10. How is the woman's business?

                                    A. Even worse.

                                    B. A little better.

                                    C. Nothing changed.

                                    11. Which road sign is talked about?

                                    

                                   

                                    12. What does the man really mean?

                                    A. He fell off his horse.

                                    B. His horse was polite.

                                    C. His horse crossed the fence (柵欄).

                                    第三節(共13小題,每小題1分,滿分13分)

                                    聽下面4段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間,每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

                                    聽下面一段對話,回答13至15三個小題。

                                    13. How did Mandy go to school before?

                                    A. By bus.

                                    B. On foot.

                                    C. By train.

                                    14. What time does Mandy leave home?

                                    A. At 6:30.

                                    B. At 6:15.

                                    C. At 5:45.

                                    15. What must Mandy do on school days?

                                    A. Wear uniforms.

                                    B. Eat lunch at school.

                                    C. Join a club.

                                    聽下面一段對話,回答16至18三個小題。

                                    16.What might Jeff think of the amusement park?

                                    A. Far

                                    B. Amazing.

                                    C. Crowded.

                                    17. Why does Emma suggest going shopping?

                                    A. She wants to buy something for Jeff.

                                    B. She knows a good store.

                                    C. She is interested in it.

                                    18. What does Jeff want to do?

                                    A. Visit the Space Center.

                                    В. Meet an astronaut.

                                    C. Stay at the hotel.

                                    聽下面一段對話,回答19至22四個小題。

                                    19. What is the conversation mainly about?

                                    A. Birthday wishes.

                                    B. Western customs.

                                    C. Different traditions.

                                    20. What is Yanyan's birthday gift?

                                    A. A dictionary.

                                    B. A meal.

                                    C. A lantern.

                                    21. Why does Yanyan accept a gift with both hands?

                                    A. To show her politeness and thanks.

                                    B. To introduce a Chinese tradition.

                                    C. To express her surprise.

                                    22. How many traditions are mentioned about the Chinese Spring Festival?

                                    A. Three.

                                    B. Four.

                                    C. Five

                                    聽下面一段獨白,回答23至25三個小題。

                                    23.Whom does the Rainforest Conservation (保護區) Project want?

                                    A. Volunteers.

                                    B. Scientists.

                                    C. Guides.

                                    24. What will people do if they join the project?

                                    A. Feed wild animals.

                                    B. Help the staff.

                                    C. Use the Internet.

                                    25. Which can best describe the people wanted for this work?

                                    A. Hard-working and energetic.

                                    В. Calm and creative.

                                    C. Very experienced.

                                    聽力答案:

                                    1-5 CBBCA 6-10 BCBAB 11-15 CACBA 16-20 CBCCA 21-25 AAABA

                                    公眾號后臺回復:“2022年中考聽力”,即可獲得音頻下載鏈接。

                                    第二部分 筆試部分

                                    二、選擇填空(共15小題,每小題1分,滿分15分)

                                    從題中所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中, 選出一個最佳答案。將代表該答案的字母在答題卡上相應的位置涂黑。

                                    26. — Can I have two tickets for the Chinese Poetic Dance?

                                    —__________. All the tickets have been sold out.

                                    A. I'm sorry

                                    B. Of course

                                    C. Never mind

                                    D. Thank you

                                    27.—Would you like to visit the National Science Museum with me tomorrow, Amy?

                                    —__________.

                                    A. See you then

                                    B. Sounds nice

                                    C. Excuse me

                                    D. I hope not.

                                    28. —Please show me your health code(碼), either on Wechat or Alipay.

                                    —__________. Here it is.

                                    A. It's nothing

                                    B. Be careful

                                    C. Go ahead

                                    D. No problem

                                    29.—Congratulations! You __________big progress in the last three years.

                                    —Thank you, Mr. Li. I’ll never forget the good times in Junior High.

                                    A. makes

                                    B. made

                                    C. have made

                                    D. will make

                                    30. —I don't think sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive.

                                    —I__________. It’s not safe.

                                    A. agree

                                    B. agreed

                                    C. will agree

                                    D. had agreed

                                    31. During the Tang Dynasty(唐朝), nearly everything produced in the world__________ on the streets of Chang' an.

                                    A. is found

                                    B. has been found

                                    C. will be found

                                    D. could be found

                                    32. You can only achieve success__________ hard work.

                                    A. across

                                    B. above

                                    C. through

                                    D. into

                                    33. —Why do you practice Tai Chi every day?

                                    —Because this Chinese form of exercise helps me relax and find my inner (內心的)__________ .

                                    A.voice

                                    B. quality

                                    C. beauty

                                    D. peace

                                    34. —To go abroad or not to go after graduation, it's a question.

                                    —You may take__________of the roads. But being home in the end matters.

                                    A. neither

                                    B. either

                                    C. both

                                    D. none

                                    35. — Everything he does is__________ to what is considered normal.

                                    —Although he looks a little different, he has achieved a lot in the math field.

                                    А. similar

                                    B. relative

                                    C. opposite

                                    D. close

                                    36. —Laura spoke very slowly to people to __________what she would say.

                                    —She just wanted to think about what others were feeling.

                                    A. survey

                                    B. weigh

                                    C. support

                                    D. repeat

                                    37. — Alex, come down to play football.

                                    —I can't. Mom said I__________clean my bedroom before doing anything else.

                                    A. had to

                                    B. will

                                    C. used to

                                    D.can

                                    38.—Jack, tell me how to__________ this information.

                                    —All right, Grandma. You can type it on this keyboard.

                                    A. delete

                                    В. enter

                                    C. collect

                                    D. receive

                                    39. —Please__________ these donations for kids.

                                    —OK, let me see. Perfect! Kids here are in great need of toys and books.

                                    A. check out

                                    В. cut down

                                    C. sell out

                                    D. turn down

                                    40. —Can you tell me__________?

                                    —To get practical skills.

                                    A. what do you learn about safety

                                    B. when do you have the art festival

                                    C. how you balance your studies and hobbies

                                    D. why you learn cooking at school

                                    26.A

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——我可以買兩張中國詩歌舞的票嗎?——我很抱歉。所有的票都賣完了。

                                    考查情景交際。I’m sorry我很抱歉;Of course當然;Never mind沒關系;Thank you謝謝你。根據“All the tickets have been sold out”可知,因所有的票都賣完了而感到抱歉,故選A。

                                    27.B

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——艾米,明天你愿意和我一起去參觀國家科學博物館嗎?——聽著不錯。

                                    考查情景交際。See you then再見;Sounds nice聽著不錯;Excuse me打擾了;I hope not我希望不會。根據“Would you like to visit the National Science Museum with me tomorrow, Amy?”可知,這里邀請艾米一起餐館國家科學博物館,此處應對此作出評價,用“Sounds nice”符合語境。故選B。

                                    28.D

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——請出示您的健康碼,微信或者支付寶都可以。——沒問題。給你。

                                    考查情景交際。It’s nothing沒什么;Be careful小心;Go ahead去吧;No problem沒問題。根據“Here it is.”可知同意出示健康碼,用“No problem”符合語境。故選D。

                                    29.C

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——祝賀你!你在過去的三年里取得了很大的進步。——謝謝你,李先生。我永遠不會忘記初中的美好時光。

                                    考查動詞時態。根據時間狀語“in the last three years”可知,本句時態是現在完成時(have/has done)。故選C。

                                    30.A

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——我認為16歲的孩子不應該被允許開車。——我同意。這不安全。

                                    考查時態。根據“I don’t think sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive.”可知此處表達自己當前的想法,用一般現在時。故選A。

                                    31.D

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:在唐朝,在長安的街道上幾乎可以找到世界上所有的東西。

                                    考查時態和語態。主語“nearly everything produced in the world”與動詞find之間是動賓關系,此處表示能夠被找到,結合“During the Tang dynasty”可知用過去式could表示“能夠”,此處是含情態動詞的被動語態,用could be found。故選D。

                                    32.C

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:你只有通過努力工作才能獲得成功。

                                    考查介詞辨析。across穿過;above在……之上;through通過;into在……里面。根據“You can only achieve success … hard work”可知,通過努力工作獲取成功,應填through,故選C。

                                    33.D

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——你為什么每天都練太極?——因為這種中式的鍛煉方式能幫助我放松,找到內心的平靜。

                                    考查名詞辨析。voice嗓音;quality質量;beauty美麗;peace平靜。根據“this Chinese form of exercise helps me relax and find my inner...”可知,此處是指練太極能幫助放松,找到內心的平靜。故選D。

                                    34.B

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——畢業后出國還是不出國,這是個問題。——你可以走這兩條路中的任何一條。但最終能回家還是很重要的。

                                    考查代詞辨析。neither兩者都不;either兩者中的任何一個;both兩者都;none三者或三者以上都不。根據“But being home in the end matters.”可知,此處是指走哪條路都可以,用either表示“兩者中的任何一個”。故選B。

                                    35.C

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——他做的每一件事都是與正常情況相反的。——雖然他看起來有點不同,但他在數學領域取得了很多成就。

                                    考查形容詞辨析。similar相似的;relative相對的;opposite相反的;close近的。根據“—Although he looks a little different”可知與別人不同,做的事情與正常情況相反。故選C。

                                    36.B

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——勞拉對人說話很慢,以便權衡她要說什么。——她只是想要想想別人的感受。

                                    考查動詞辨析。survey調查;weigh權衡;support支持;repeat重復。根據“She just wanted to think about what others were feeling.”可知要估計別人的感受,需要權衡下自己要說什么,用weigh。故選B。

                                    37.A

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——Alex,下來踢足球吧。——我不能去。媽媽說我在做其他事情之前必須先打掃我的臥室。

                                    考查動詞辨析。had to不得不;will將;used to do過去常常做某事;can能夠。根據“Mom said I… clean my bedroom before doing anything else”可知,媽媽要求做其他事情之前必須先打掃臥室,故選A。

                                    38.B

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——Jack,告訴我如何輸入這些信息。——好的,祖母。你可以在這個鍵盤上打字。

                                    考查動詞辨析。delete刪除;enter輸入;collect收集;receive收到。根據“tell me how to … this information”及“You can type it on this keyboard”可知,詢問如何輸入這些信息,故選B。

                                    39.A

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——請查看這些為孩子們提供的捐款。——好的,讓我看看。完美!這里的孩子們非常需要玩具和書籍。

                                    考查動詞短語。check out查實,核實;cut down砍倒;sell out賣掉;turn down拒絕。根據“OK, let me see.”可知,是讓對方查看一下這些捐款。故選A。

                                    40.D

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    句意:——你能告訴我你為什么在學校學烹飪嗎?——為了獲得實用技能。

                                    考查賓語從句。tell后缺少直接賓語,用賓語從句,賓語從句用陳述語序,排除AB;再由“To get practical skills”可知此處詢問做某事的原因,用why引導的賓語從句。故選D。

                                    三、完形填空(共15小題,每小題1分,滿分15分)

                                    閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

                                    The December day started like any other. Papa came back with his boat full of fish. Mama made breakfast for the family. Seven-year-old Joonas was doing his homework, while his two little brothers ran around the yard. That day seemed peaceful, but Alejo (41)_________ better.

                                    Alejo felt shaking in his legs, and his ears perked up (豎起), listening for what had already (42)_________. Alejo made a crying sound, and Mama said, “Sh!”Alejo barked (吠), and Joonas complained, “Quiet, I'm trying to (43)_________ .”

                                    Suddenly, a strange roaring (轟鳴) sound began. Papa ran to a nearby building's roof (屋頂) to (44)_________what was happening. But Alejo knew better. The shaking of the ground (45)_________up his padded paws (肉掌). He wanted to run, but he didn't dare to leave his family.

                                    “Why were they (46)_________? Didn't they know that a great earthquake had roared under the ocean and would soon bring strong waves onto the land?”Alejo thought.

                                    And then Papa shouted with(47)_________ from the rooftop,“Tsunami (海嘯)! Run!”

                                    Mama cried,“Sons, come on!”She grabbed (抓) a little one under each arm.“Joonas, run! You're fast and strong. Follow me up the (48)_________. Fast!”

                                    But the roar had gotten louder, (49)_________her words. All that Joonas had heard was,“Run!”And he ran back home where he thought he would be (50)_________ . Alejo barked and barked, but the tsunami made it (51)_________ to hear his voice, too.

                                    Alejo gently bit (咬) Joonas's feet, but the boy wouldn't move.“(52)_________.”Joonas pushed the dog away, but Alejo would not give up. He grabbed Joonas's shirt in his (53)_________ . He pulled and pulled until his mouth broke. With all his strength, he pulled Joonas back outside and hit him from behind. Finally, the boy (54)_________ .

                                    Alejo ran toward the hill, looking back to make sure Joonas was following. They raced uphill as the huge wall of (55)_________ ran after them. Alejo and Joonas didn't stop running until they reached higher up the hill and met their family. And they had a mother-father-brothers-dog thankful hug.

                                    41. A. knew

                                    B. grew

                                    C. felt

                                    D. became

                                    42. A. returned

                                    B. moved

                                    C. started

                                    D. stopped

                                    43. A. sleep

                                    B. speak

                                    C. think

                                    D. listen

                                    44. A. deal with

                                    B. find out

                                    C. worry about

                                    D. look through

                                    45. A. held

                                    B. pushed

                                    C. woke

                                    D. traveled

                                    46. A. cooking

                                    B. waiting

                                    C. playing

                                    D. complaining

                                    47. A. pain

                                    B. anger

                                    C. pity

                                    D. fear

                                    48. A. hill

                                    B. roof

                                    C. boat

                                    D. land

                                    49. A. passing on

                                    B. cutting off

                                    C. breaking down

                                    D. leaving out

                                    50. A. warm

                                    B. brave

                                    C. safe

                                    D. free

                                    51. A. hard

                                    B. possible

                                    C. late

                                    D. clean

                                    52. A. Run

                                    B. Go

                                    C. Come

                                    D. Look

                                    53. A. feet

                                    B. paws

                                    C. teeth

                                    D. legs

                                    54. A. refused

                                    B. understood

                                    C. promised

                                    D. escaped

                                    55. A. wood

                                    B. sand

                                    C. stone

                                    D. water

                                    【解析】

                                    【導語】

                                    本文主要介紹了海嘯到來前后發生的事情。

                                    41.

                                    句意:那天似乎很平靜,但阿萊霍知道情況并非如此。

                                    knew知道;grew長大;felt感覺;became成為。根據下文“But Alejo knew better.”可知此處表示阿萊霍知道并非如此,用knew符合語境。故選A。

                                    42.

                                    句意:阿萊霍感到雙腿在顫抖,耳朵豎起來,聽著什么已經開始了。

                                    returned返回;moved移動;started開始;stopped停止。根據“Suddenly, a strange roaring sound began.”可知阿萊霍豎起耳朵聽開始發生的事情。故選C。

                                    43.

                                    句意:安靜,我在盡力思考。

                                    sleep睡覺;speak說話;think思考;listen聽。根據“Seven-year-old Joonas was doing his homework”可知做作業需要思考。故選C。

                                    44.

                                    句意:爸爸跑到附近的一個建筑的屋頂上,想查明發生了什么事。

                                    deal with處理;find out找出,查明;worry about擔心;look through瀏覽。根據“what was happening”可知跑到屋頂去查明發生了什么事情。故選B。

                                    45.

                                    句意:地面的震動順著它墊著的爪子向上傳遞。

                                    held握住;pushed推;woke醒來;traveled移動,傳播。根據“The shaking of the ground”可知此處指地面的震動在傳播。故選D。

                                    46.

                                    句意:為什么他們要等?

                                    cooking烹飪;waiting等待;playing玩耍;complaining抱怨。根據“Didn’t they know that a great earthquake had roared under the ocean and would soon bring strong waves onto the land?”可知此處表示阿萊霍不明白為何人們還在等,而不立刻逃跑。故選B。

                                    47.

                                    句意:然后爸爸在屋頂上恐懼地喊道:“海嘯!快跑!”

                                    pain疼痛;anger生氣;pity遺憾;fear害怕,恐懼。根據“Tsunami!”可知海嘯來了,爸爸應是害怕的。故選D。

                                    48.

                                    句意:跟我上山。

                                    hill山;roof屋頂;boat船;land陸地。根據“Alejo and Joonas didn’t stop running until they reached higher up the hill and met their family.”可知要上山。故選A。

                                    49.

                                    句意:但咆哮聲越來越大,打斷了她的話。

                                    passing on傳遞;cutting off切斷,打斷;breaking down損壞;leaving out遺漏。根據“But the roar had gotten louder”可知咆哮聲打斷了她的話。故選B。

                                    50.

                                    句意:然后他跑回了家,他認為在那里他是安全的。

                                    warm溫暖的;brave勇敢的;safe安全的;free空閑的。根據“And he ran back home”可推出海嘯來了往家里跑,應是覺得家里安全。故選C。

                                    51.

                                    句意:阿萊霍不停地吠叫,但海嘯也讓人很難聽到他的聲音。

                                    hard困難的;possible可能的;late晚的;clear清楚的。根據“the tsunami”及上文“But the roar had gotten louder”可知海嘯聲音大,讓人很難聽到阿萊霍的聲音。故選A。

                                    52.

                                    句意:“走開,”瓊納斯把狗推開,但阿萊霍不愿放棄。

                                    Run炮;Go走;Come來;Look看。根據“Joonas pushed the dog away”可知瓊納斯推阿萊霍讓他離開。故選B。

                                    53.

                                    句意:他用牙齒咬住瓊納斯的襯衫。

                                    feet腳;paws爪子;teeth牙齒;legs腿。根據“He pulled and pulled until his mouth broke.”可知嘴爛了,應是用牙齒咬住襯衫。故選C。

                                    54.

                                    句意:男孩終于明白了。

                                    refused拒絕;understood明白;promised承諾;escaped逃跑。根據“Alejo ran toward the hill, looking back to make sure Joonas was following.”可知瓊納斯明白了阿萊霍的用意才會跟著他走。故選B。

                                    55.

                                    句意:他們向山上跑去,身后是一堵巨大的水墻。

                                    wood木材;sand沙子;stone石頭;water水。根據“Didn’t they know that a great earthquake had roared under the ocean and would soon bring strong waves onto the land?”可知海嘯會把巨浪帶到陸地上,身后應是水墻。故選D。

                                    四、閱讀理解(共15小題,每小題2分,滿分30分)

                                    閱讀下面三篇材料,從每題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

                                    

                                  A

                                   

                                    Big Issue Produced by Pupils

                                    Big Issue has launched (發行) a special 24-page edition (版本)created by school children recently. Big Issue is a weekly magazine launched in 1991 to help homeless people. Pupils in 13 schools across the country have started selling the special edition and will give the money they raise to charities.

                                    

                                   

                                    _____________________________

                                    The Richardson Primary School has created a classroom in a train carriage (車廂), marking 300 years since it was opened. The carriage, which is no longer moving, includes a library, a place to eat, and another learning space. The carriage will help the school to teach STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering and math). Students describe it as“magical".

                                    

                                   

                                    Celebrating the Daily Mile

                                    On 28 April, the Daily Mile had its 10th birthday. It's a global (全球的) movement designed to get children exercising every day. To mark the event, more than 320,000 students from 1,340 schools around the world completed a mile. One kid said, “Running a mile every day with my friends builds up my fitness."

                                    56. In which section of the newspaper can we read the news?

                                    A. PICTURE THIS!

                                    B. SPORTS DESK.

                                    C. HI! KIDS!

                                    D. MOVIE MAGIC.

                                    57. It's clear that the special edition of Big Issue__________ .

                                    A. is over 30 years old

                                    B. is created by children from 13 schools

                                    C. is launched monthly

                                    D. is sold to raise money by pupils

                                    58. What would be the best heading for the second piece of news?

                                    A. Here Comes a“Classroom”

                                    B. The“Magical”Richardson

                                    C. STEM Subjects Count

                                    D. The 300th Birthday Celebration

                                    59. The students describe the train carriage as“magical" mainly because__________ .

                                    A. the carriage isn't moving

                                    B. there are three classrooms in it

                                    C. they like STEM class

                                    D.they can read, eat and learn there

                                    60. To celebrate the 10th Daily Mile, __________ .

                                    A. a global competition was held

                                    B.320,000 students got together

                                    C. many kids ran a mile that day

                                    D.1,340 schools stopped lessons

                                    【解析】

                                    【導語】

                                    本文主要介紹了雜志“Big Issue”、“火車車廂里的教室”及“每日一公里活動”。

                                    56.

                                    推理判斷題。文中第一部分介紹由孩子們創辦的“Big Issue”雜志特刊,第二部分介紹理查森小學的火車車廂教室,第三段介紹了旨在讓孩子們每天鍛煉身體的全球性運動“每日一公里”,都與孩子有關,可能在“HI! KIDS!”這部分讀到。故選C。

                                    57.

                                    細節理解題。根據“Pupils in 13 schools across the country have started selling the special edition and will give the money they raise to charities.”可知孩子們創辦“Big Issue”的特刊來籌集資金。故選D。

                                    58.

                                    標題歸納題。第二條新聞主要介紹了理查森小學的火車車廂教室,用“Here Comes a ‘Classroom’ ”做標題最合適。故選A。

                                    59.

                                    細節理解題。根據“The SON EXPRESS carriage, which is no longer moving, includes a library, a place to eat, and another learning space. The carriage will help the school to teach STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering and math). Students describe it as ‘magical’.”可知學生們形容火車車廂“神奇”,主要是因為他們可以在那里讀書、吃飯和學習。故選D。

                                    60.

                                    細節理解題。根據“To mark the event, more than 320,000 students from 1,340 schools around the world completed a mile.”可知為了慶祝第10屆每日跑一英里活動,許多孩子在那天跑了一英里。故選C。

                                    B

                                    All through grade school, I got extra help with schoolwork. If I got a D, I was very happy. If I got a C minus (C— ), I had achieved greatness. A's and B's were a kingdom I could never enter.

                                    Once my teacher, Miss Mills, had given me a list of ten spelling words. My mother and I went over the list until I knew those words. I felt great. I thought, Wow! This time, I'm going to pass." The next day, I went into the classroom and began to write down the words. The first word was carpet. I wrote that one down: c-a-r-p-e-t. I was feeling pretty confident. Then came neighbor—I wrote down the letter n. Then rhythm—I knew there was an r. Suburban—I wrote s-u-b. My confidence failed me. I had gone from 100 percent to maybe a D-minus. Where did the words go?

                                    Some people talk about information sliding off your brain. That was my life. I was an underachiever (未能充分發揮學習潛力者).

                                    Now I know I have dyslexia(誦讀困難癥). A person with dyslexia might see the as teh, and bird as brid. My brain learns differently. A learning disability can really change the way you feel about yourself. Now I know that even if I learn differently, I can still be filled with greatness.

                                    Today when I visit schools as an actor, director, and co-author of children’s books, I tell children that everyone has something special inside. It’s our job to find out what that is and get it out, and give it to the world as a gift.

                                    61. What’s the writer’s problem in grade school?

                                    A. He had trouble spelling.

                                    B. He often got C-minuses.

                                    C. He was absent-minded.

                                    D. He had a physical disability.

                                    62. From Paragraph 2, we can infer that the writer __________.

                                    A. wrote down 20%words correctly

                                    B. knew he had dyslexia then

                                    C. felt upset about himself at last

                                    D. studied hard and passed the test

                                    63. The underlined phrase “sliding off” in Paragraph 3 probably means __________.

                                    A. coming into

                                    B. going through

                                    C. moving around

                                    D. disappearing from

                                    64. After the writer knew he had dyslexia, he __________.

                                    A. felt very excited

                                    B. had more difficulties in study

                                    C. was filled with sadness

                                    D. changed his view of himself

                                    65. What would be the best title for the passage?

                                    A. A Change for Sure

                                    B. A Great Underachiever

                                    C. A Gift from the World

                                    D. A Special Spelling Bee

                                    【解析】

                                    【導語】

                                    本文主要介紹了作者作為一個有誦讀困難癥的差等生的學習經歷,作者明白即使以不同的方式學習,依舊可以充滿偉大,他最終取得了成功。

                                    61.

                                    細節理解題。根據文中“The first word was carper. I wrote that one down: c-a-r-p-e-t. I was feeling pretty confident. Then came neighbor-I wrote down the letter n. Then rhythm-I knew there was an r. Suburban-I wrote s-u-b.”可知,作者在小學拼寫單詞有困難。故選A。

                                    62.

                                    推理判斷題。根據文中“My confidence failed me. I had gone from 100 percent to maybe a D-minus. Where did the words go?”可知,作者失去了信心,覺得自己的表現可能得D-,由此推斷出作者最后對自己感到不安。故選C。

                                    63.

                                    詞義猜測題。第二段中作者原本記住了單詞并且感覺極好,但開始寫的時候卻一錯再錯,結合“Some people talk about information sliding off your brain.”可推出此處指信息從大腦中消失,sliding off意為“disappearing from”。故選D。

                                    64.

                                    細節理解題。根據文中“A learning disability can really change the way you feel about yourself. Now I know that even if I learn differently, I can still be filled with greatness.”可知,當作者知道自己有閱讀障礙后,他改變了對自己的看法。故選D。

                                    65.

                                    標題歸納題。本文主要介紹了作者作為一個有誦讀困難癥的差等生的學習經歷,作者明白即使以不同的方式學習,依舊可以充滿偉大,他最終取得了成功。用“A Great Underachiever”做標題最合適。故選B。

                                    C

                                    Boris, a foreign student at Communication University of China, often shares his experiences of Chinese culture on his vlog (視頻博客).

                                    In one video, for example, Boris shared how he had learned the Chinese word dongxi. He translated each part separately into “east west”. And he introduced one theory (說法) about how dongxi came to mean “things”. He told people that all marketplaces in ancient Chinese cities were set up along a single road that ran from east to west. So when you would say qu mai dongxi. you’d be saying, “I’m going to buy things.”

                                    Some other videos show his reading Chinese poems and performing kung fu in Chinese traditional costume, which are quite welcome among his 40, 000 followers.

                                    “Many of my followers are learning Chinese,” Boris said. “But sadly, they know little about Chinese culture and the country.”

                                    Like many foreigners, Boris once believed that all Chinese could perform kung fu, flying onto roofs and walking over walls. He thought the country was not that developed. But after he got a scholarship (獎學金) to study in China in 2019, his view changed. “China has entered a new period, but many people’s impressions of China are still stuck in the1970s,” Boris said. “That’s why I started to shoot vlogs to share Chinese culture in 2019.”

                                    Until now, Boris has posted more than 40 Chinese culture vlogs online. But making these vlogs is not easy. Take reading the poem Second Farewell to Cambridge by Xu Zhimo as an example.

                                    “I can understand and read every word in the poem,” Boris said. “But to touch readers, I need to use proper feelings while reading.” So he needed to look for much background information and make his feelings suit each part of the poem.

                                    Though shooting these vlogs takes lots of time, the young man feels proud that his vlogs have inspired many people. Boris said that he wanted to continue bridging the differences between two cultures. “This goal may not be achieved easily, but I will spare no efforts to do my part.”

                                    66. Through the vlogs, Boris mainly wants to __________.

                                    A. teach foreigners Chinese

                                    B. introduce a Chinese university

                                    C. sell Chinese products

                                    D. share his experiences in China

                                    67. Boris learned the Chinese word dongxi by __________.

                                    A. translating it as a whole

                                    B. knowing its cultural background

                                    C. making up some sentences

                                    D. comparing it with similar words

                                    68. What inspired Boris to shoot vlogs?

                                    A. His hunger for new technology.

                                    B. His wish to show the real China.

                                    C. His interest in Chinese culture.

                                    D. His dream to be a big vlogger.

                                    69. The poem Second Farewell to Cambridge is mentioned to __________.

                                    A. meet the followers’ needs

                                    B. express Boris’s love for poems

                                    C. show Boris’s efforts at vlog-making

                                    D. give an example of Chinese culture

                                    70. The passage is probably written to __________.

                                    A. say yes to Boris’s actions

                                    B. build bridges by making vlogs

                                    C. call for more help

                                    D. achieve a common goal

                                    【解析】

                                    【導語】

                                    本文主要講述了一位外國學生Boris在博客上分享學習中國文化的經歷,包括他學到的一些詞語的來歷,中國詩歌,表演中國功夫,他的視頻激勵了許多人,Boris想通過這個來繼續彌合兩種文化之間的差異。

                                    66.

                                    細節理解題。根據“Boris, a foreign student at Communication University of China, often shares his experiences of Chinese culture on his vlog”可知,通過博客想分享他在中國的經歷,故選D。

                                    67.

                                    推理判斷題。根據第二段的內容,尤其“He told people that all marketplaces in ancient Chinese cities were set up along a single road that ran from east to west”可知,通過了解文化背景來學習“東西”這個詞的含義,故選B。

                                    68.

                                    推理判斷題。根據“China has entered a new period, but many people’s impressions of China are still stuck in the 1970s,” Boris said. “That’s why I started to shoot vlogs to share Chinese culture in 2019”可知,他了解到許多人對中國的印象還停留在20世紀70年代,他想通過視頻來讓人們了解中國的現狀,了解真正的中國,故選B。

                                    69.

                                    推理判斷題。根據“But making these vlogs is not easy. Take reading the poem Second Farewell to Cambridge by Xu Zhimo as an example”可知,提到閱讀徐志摩寫的詩歌是為了表明制作博客的不易,故選C。

                                    70.

                                    主旨大意題。通讀全文可知,本文主要講述了一位外國學生Boris在博客上分享學習中國文化的經歷,讓更多人了解中國的現狀,目的是以此來肯定他分享文化的舉動,故選A。

                                    第Ⅱ卷(非選擇題 共35分)

                                    五、詞與短語填空(共5小題,每小題2分,滿分10分)

                                    

                                   

                                    仔細閱讀下面五個句子,然后用下面方框中所給的單詞或短語填空,使每個句子在結構、句義和邏輯上正確。(提示:方框中有兩個單詞或短語是多余的。)

                                    71. China is good at making high-technology __________ that people can buy everywhere.

                                    72. A doctor was __________ to examine the king yesterday evening.

                                    73. The piece of music which was played on the erhu especially __________ me.

                                    74. Some children are so full of energy and __________ for knowledge.

                                    75. Jenny recently __________ a prize from the Help Save Our Planet Society.

                                    71.products

                                    72.called in

                                    73.moved

                                    74.thirsty

                                    75.won

                                    【解析】

                                    71.

                                    句意:中國擅長制造人們在任何地方都能買到的高科技產品。此空缺少定語從句的先行詞,根據“that people can buy everywhere”及備選詞可知,此處指任何地方能買到的高科技產品,products“產品”符合,故填products。

                                    72.

                                    句意:昨天晚上請來了一位醫生為國王做檢查。根據“A doctor was … to examine the king yesterday evening”及備選詞可知,請來一位醫生給國王做檢查,called in“招來”符合,故填called in。

                                    73.

                                    句意:這首用二胡演奏的曲子特別打動了我。根據“The piece of music which was played on the erhu especially… me”及備選詞可知,這首曲子打動了我,moved“感動”符合,故填moved。

                                    74.

                                    句意:有些孩子精力充沛,求知若渴。根據“for knowledge”及備選詞可知,對知識很渴望,be thirsty for“渴望”,故填thirsty。

                                    75.

                                    句意:珍妮最近獲得了“幫助拯救地球協會”的獎勵。根據“a prize”可知,贏得了獎勵,won“贏得”符合,故填won。

                                    六、閱讀理解填詞(共10小題,每小題1分,滿分10分)

                                    閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入適當的單詞,單詞的第一個字母已給出。

                                    Eric Green has always wondered about things that live in the ocean. When he was y__________ (76), he loved to swim. He liked to watch all kinds of underwater animals and plants through his mask (潛水面罩). When he grew up, he wanted to l__________ (77) for new things in the ocean.

                                    Today, Mr. Green is a marine ecologist (海洋生態學家). He studies how underwater animals and plants connect with each other and need each other to stay a__________ (78).

                                    Mr. Green studies coral reefs (珊瑚) in the Pacific Ocean. A coral reef is like a big underwater t__________ (79). Thousands of animals and plants live there. They compete for food and space there. As a result, the beautiful coral reefs get i__________ (80) easily.

                                    Mr. Green also studies how people’s actions can change coral reefs. Sometimes people pollute the water or overfish, so the w__________ (81) that all the living things are joined together has been changed. If coral reefs get hurt, many animals have to find new homes. Some animals’ n__________ (82) drop low, and some animals just disappear. Mr. Green wants to p__________ (83) this from happening.

                                    Mr. Green believes that all living things in a coral reef should be k__________ (84) safe. “Underwater ecosystems are like airplanes,” Mr. Green says. “They need all of their parts to work correctly.” “To take better care of marine homes, we first must k__________ (85) them. Only through that, can we understand the great influence humans have on these places.” Mr. Green says.

                                    76.(y)oung

                                    77.(l)ook

                                    78.(a)live

                                    79.(t)own

                                    80.(i)njured

                                    81.(w)ay

                                    82.(n)umbers

                                    83.(p)revent

                                    84.(k)ept

                                    85.(k)now

                                    【解析】

                                    【導語】

                                    本文主要講述了海洋生態學家格林先生意識到珊瑚礁所面臨的問題以及它們的重要性,呼吁人們要先了解它們并保護它們。

                                    76.

                                    句意:當他年輕的時候,他喜歡游泳。was后接形容詞作表語,根據“When he grew up”及首字母可知,年輕的時候喜歡游泳,young“年輕的”符合,故填(y)oung。

                                    77.

                                    句意:當他長大后,他想在海洋中尋找新的東西。根據“he wanted to … for new things in the ocean”及首字母可知,此處指在海洋中尋找新東西,look for“尋找”,want to do sth“想要做某事”,此空應填動詞原形,故填(l)ook。

                                    78.

                                    句意:他研究水下的動物和植物是如何相互聯系、相互需要以維持生存的。根據“underwater animals and plants connect with each other and need each other to stay”及首字母可知,水下的動植物相互維持生存,alive“活著的”,形容詞作表語,故填(a)live。

                                    79.

                                    句意:珊瑚礁就像一個巨大的水下小鎮。根據“A coral reef is like a big underwater”及首字母可知,把珊瑚礁比喻成一個巨大的小鎮,town“城鎮”,a修飾名詞的單數形式,故填(t)own。

                                    80.

                                    句意:因此,美麗的珊瑚礁很容易受傷。根據“They compete for food and space there”可知,因為食物和生存的空間相互競爭,導致珊瑚礁受傷,get injured“受傷”,故填(i)njured。

                                    81.

                                    句意:有時人們污染水或過度捕撈,所以所有生物的連接方式已經改變。根據“the …that all the living things are joined together has been changed”及首字母可知,連接方式改變了,way“方式”。根據has可知,此空應填單數名詞,故填(w)ay。

                                    82.

                                    句意:有些動物的數量下降了,有些動物就消失了。根據“Some animals’ … drop low, some animals just disappear”可知,有些數量少了,有些消失了,number“數量”,句子是一般現在時,drop是動詞原形,故此空應填名詞復數形式,故填(n)umbers。

                                    83.

                                    句意:格林先生想阻止這種事情發生。根據“Mr. Green wants to … this from happening”及首字母可知,想阻止這一切發生,prevent…from doing sth“阻止某事發生”,want to do sth“想要做某事”,此空應填動詞原形,故填(p)revent。

                                    84.

                                    句意:格林先生認為珊瑚礁里的所有生物都應該保護好。根據“They need all of their parts to work correctly”可知,珊瑚礁里的每一部分都需要正常工作,所以它們應該被保護起來,keep“保持”,be與過去分詞構成被動語態結構,故填(k)ept。

                                    85.

                                    句意:要更好地照顧海洋家園,我們首先必須了解它們。根據“we first must…them”及“can we understand the great influence humans have on these places”可知,只有先了解珊瑚礁,才能理解人類對這些地方的巨大影響,know“了解”,情態動詞must后接動詞原形,故填(k)now。

                                    七、書面表達(共1大題,滿分15分)

                                    假如你是李欣,你與Bob叔叔及其家人約定了一起去北京旅行。請你給Bob叔叔寫一封英文電子郵件,告知你的旅行安排。內容要點如下:

                                    1. 6月30日下午2:00機場見;

                                    2. 酒店已預訂好,直接前往;

                                    3. 第二天觀看升旗儀式;

                                    4. 游長城,吃北京烤鴨;

                                    5. 補充一兩點與旅行有關的信息或想法。

                                    注意:文中不得透露個人真實姓名和學校;詞數60-80;開頭和結尾已給出,不計入總詞數。

                                    參考詞匯:book v. 預訂 directly ad. 直接地 flag-raising ceremony升旗儀式

                                    

                                   

                                    參考范文:

                                    Dear Uncle Bob,

                                    I’m so glad to hear from you about visiting Beijing. Here’s the trip plan. We’ll meet at the airport at 2 p.m. on June 30th. We can go to the hotel directly to have a rest as I’ve already booked the rooms. The next day we’ll watch the flag-raising ceremony at Tian’anmen Square early in the morning. It must be amazing! What about the Great Wall? It’s worth visiting and you’ll be impressed. As for dinner, we’ll have the delicious food, Beijing duck. Honestly, I am getting excited about the trip.

                                    Look forward to meeting all of you in Beijing.

                                    Li Xin

                                    【解析】

                                    【詳解】

                                    1.題干解讀:題目要求根據內容要點及參考詞匯給Bob叔叔回一封郵件,告知Bob叔叔自己對旅行的安排。

                                    2.寫作指導:郵件的開頭和結尾已給出,寫作時要補全正文內容,要以第一人稱為主,時態多用一般將來時。郵件可分為兩段式:第一段介紹具體的計劃;第二段表達自己的期待。要做到要點齊全,無單詞拼寫和語法錯誤。

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                                        武漢龍門尚學是上市公司龍門教育(股票代碼:838830)旗下中小學校外教育高端品牌,專注中小學個性化教學。課程服務包含精品一對一、精品班組課、中高考全托沖刺。堅持能力至上的教學理念,按照龍門3A高效學習系統,致力于幫助學生改善學習方法,培養學習習慣,以學習能力提升促進考試成績提高。 龍門尚學采用名師合伙人機制搭建名師聯盟,并推出尚學云課搭建O2O混合式學習平臺,實現優質教育資源、名師課程共享。目前在武漢地區有13個校區,分別為江夏校區、光谷校區、水果湖校區、取水樓校區、徐東校區、胭脂路校區、南湖校區、青山校區、吳家山校區、永清校區、崇仁路校區、鐘家村校區、中南校區,基本覆蓋武漢主要區域。

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